Rodents are considered one of the most dangerous pests since they are culprits to spreading numerous diseases. These diseases result in serious harm, not only to humans, but to their pets. Some of the diseases caused by rodents include LCMV and leptospirosis. These are often spread through bites and scratches from rodents or when humans come into contact with the urine or feces of these pesky pests.
At present, there are more than 10 diseases transmitted by rodents listed on CDC but the following are the most common ones:
Leptospirosis is a disease transmitted by rodents and other animals all over the world. This bacterial disease is quite threatening and affects humans who consume food or water contaminated by the urine of an infected rodent. In other cases, individuals who participate in recreational sports, wherein there is contaminated water or soil, they can get affected with this disease.
The symptoms of leptospirosis are in most cases grave. For example, symptoms may include kidney damage, liver failure, meningitis or worse, death. To eliminate the chances of having this disease, minimize your exposure to contaminated food, water or soil. It is also vital to keep your home rat-free.
- Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome is a rare but deadly disease transmitted through a virus found in the saliva, urine, and feces of rodents. This disease normally occurs in both North and South America. In some cases, this disease can also be transmitted through bites from rodents. Sometimes, you can get infected too if you just breathe in dust that has been contaminated with a rat’s feces or urine.
The best way to avoid having this disease is to implement pest control measures. In addition, it should be noted that the disease-causing virus is normally found in some rodent populations such as deer mouse, white-footed mouse, cotton rat and rice rat.
- Lymphocytic Chorio-meningitis (LCMV)
Just like other incidents of meningitis, LCMV includes inflammation of spinal and brain membranes. A virus found in rodent populations, specifically the house mouse, transmits this disease. The disease is transmitted when there’s a direct contact of humans with the mouse’s urine or feces. Moreover, LCMV can also occur through bites or inhalation of dust contaminated by the virus.
To prevent this disease from occurring, ensure that there’s no mouse infestation in your home. If so, apply pest control measures to get rid of the pests. If you see signs such as droppings or urine, it is most likely that mice have infested your house. Other signs of mouse infestation include musky odor in the dark areas of your home, gnawed furniture, utility wires or plastics.
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- Rat-bite Fever
Rat-bite Fever is an infectious disease caused by bacteria from the rodent’s urine or mucus secretion. The disease commonly occurs in different parts of the world including North America, Africa, and Europe. Just like other rat-borne diseases, rat-bite fever is spread through bites and scratches or direct contact with water or food contaminated by a rat’s urine or feces. If the disease has been transmitted through consumption of contaminated food, rat-bite fever is often referred to as Haverhill fever.
Some of the symptoms of rat-bite fever include fever, vomiting, headaches, muscle pain, joint pain, and rash. Do not take for granted these symptoms since this disease can be deadly especially if left untreated. It is highly advisable to get rid of rodents to prevent this disease from occurring.
Salmonellosis is a disease found all over the globe and is transmitted by both rats and mice. Sometimes, this disease is also referred to as Salmonella – the bacteria causing Salmonellosis. This disease normally occurs when an individual consumes a contaminated food. When infected by this disease, symptoms such as diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and fever may be experienced. Depending on how strong your immune system is, you may recover from salmonellosis without getting treatment.
To avoid Salmonellosis, ensure that the food and water you intake is clean and not contaminated. Get rid of rodents and make sure to check from time to time if there’s a mice infestation in your home.